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About Russia



Region: Eastern Europe and Asia

Population: 141,000,000 (2011)

Area Total: 17,075,200 km2

Area Land: 16,995,800 km2

Coast Line: 37,653 km

Capital: Moscow

Biggest cities: Moscow, St Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk

Number of cities with over 1mln citizens: 12 (2011)

Climate: Ranges from steppes in the south to humid continental regions in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the Steppes to cool along the Arctic coast.

Official Language: Russian

Currency: 1 rouble (RUB or RBL) = 100 kopeks
1 USD = 30 roubles, 1 Euro = 40 roubles (2011)

Main holidays:

  • New Year: 31 December – 2 January
  • Russian Christmas: 5–6 January
  • Fatherland Defender Day: 23 February
  • Women’s Day: 8 March
  • Holiday of Spring and Labour: 1 May
  • Victory Day: 9 May
  • Independence Day: 12 June (since 1990)

Ethnic Divisions:

  • Russian: 82%
  • Tatar: 4%
  • Ukrainian: 3%
  • Belorussian: 1.5%
  • Chuvash: 1%
  • Bashkir: 0.8%
  • Moldavian: 0.7%
  • Others (more than 100 ethnic groups): 8%

Economy: Russia is a vast country with a wealth of natural resources, a well-educated population, and a diverse, but declining, industrial base. It continues to experience formidable difficulties in moving from its old centrally planned economy to a modern market economy… more>>

Agriculture: The agriculture sector in Russia contributes 6.6% of the GDP and employs an estimated 14.4% of the labour force, as stated in the GDP/Employment by Sector of Origin table… more>>

Energy: Russia is a significant energy exporter… more>>

Metals: Russia occupies more than 75% of the territory of the former Soviet Union (FSU) and accordingly inherited a large percentage of its mineral resources… more>>

People: Ethnic Russians are a Slavic people who have occupied the land between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea for at least 1,500 years… more>>

About Russia


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